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History House Sample Pages II

Early Copper Mining in Michigans U.P.

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Early Copper Mining in Michigans Upper Peninsula
Extracted from “History of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan” 
 A.T. Andreas 
 Originally published 1883.

Covers ancient miners, and the early mining efforts in the 1840’s to the 1880s.

 24 pages


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The first account of the copper region of Lake Superior of which we have any knowledge is that published by Lagarde, at Paris, in 1636. Referring to what is now the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, he says:

 "There are mines of copper which might be made profitable, if there were in­habitants and workmen who would labor faithfully. That would be done if colonies were established. * * About eighty or one hundred leagues from the Hurons, there is a mine of copper from which Truchement Brusle showed me an ingot, on his return from a voyage to the neighboring nation. It is pretended, also, that near Saguenay, gold, rubies and other precious stones are found. I am assured that, in the country of the Souriquois, there are not only mines of copper, but also of steel; also, certain blue trans­parent stones, which are as valuable as turquoises."

Refer­ring, evidently, to the amethysts of the north shore, he says:

 "Among the rocks, they found stones covered with diamonds attached to the rocks—some of them appearing as if just from the hands of the lapidary, they were so beautiful." Of the fineness, he could not be positive, but they " were very handsome and would write upon glass ;" and adds, " it seems that one might find mines of iron and many other minerals, if one would take the trouble of searching, and go to some expense. There is an abundance of limestone and other materials required for building."

Pierre Boucher published, in Paris, in 1640, a small volume,

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