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The first account of the copper region of Lake Superior of which we have any knowledge is that published by Lagarde, at Paris, in 1636. Referring to
what is now the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, he says:
"There are mines of copper which might be made
profitable, if there were inhabitants and workmen who would labor faithfully. That would be done if colonies were established. * * About eighty or one hundred leagues from the Hurons, there
is a mine of copper from which Truchement Brusle showed me an ingot, on his return
from a voyage to the neighboring nation. It is pretended, also, that near Saguenay, gold, rubies and other precious stones
are found. I am assured that, in the country of the Souriquois, there are not only mines of copper, but also of steel; also,
certain blue transparent stones, which are as valuable as turquoises."
evidently, to the amethysts of the north shore, he says:
"Among the rocks, they found stones covered with diamonds attached to the rocks—some
of them appearing as if just from the hands of the lapidary, they were so beautiful." Of the fineness, he could not be positive,
but they " were very handsome and would write upon glass ;" and adds, " it seems that one might find mines of iron and many
other minerals, if one would take the trouble of searching, and go to some expense.
There is an abundance of limestone and other materials required for building."Pierre Boucher published, in Paris, in 1640, a small volume,