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Minneapolis Minnesota History

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Minneapolis Minnesota
 Written by Prof. W.W. Folwell – 1890
 Illustrated.

39 pages

 

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twelve hundred miles away. Before it has trav­elled a mile of the journey, however, the enterprising denizens of the Bohemian flats, from stagings built out over the rapids, have by means of hoes, rakes, and spears, landed everything which, after drying, will boil a pot or heat a flatiron.

The great sawmills of Saint Anthony and Minneapolis were first built on the brink of the falls and driven under low heads by unlimited water. Since the de­velopment of other manufactures has made it desirable to use the water-power with greater economy, the lumber-men have, with two or three exceptions, moved their establishments to points a mile or more above the falls, and are operating them by steam. Fuel costs nothing, sawdust and offal sufficing. The rent of mill sites and piling ground is much reduced, and ship­ping facilities are much more accessible. Not a few of the lumbering firms have of late years gone into the manufacture of house material. Any one of them will fill a bill calling for every piece of pine wood, of whatever shape or dimension, needed in the erection of any desired structure. The railways diverging to all quarters of Minnesota, to Iowa, Nebraska, the Dakotas, and far toward the Pacific coast, are constantly freighting such " makins" of buildings. The manufacture of hard-wood house-finish and of furniture has increased to the dimensions of a leading industry within a few years, and prom­ises to outgrow that of pine lumber. The pine forests accessible are diminishing in area and product, while the vast stretches of hard-wood lands of Minnesota and Wis­consin have hardly been explored.

It is the flour manufacture, however, by which Minneapolis is known to the great outside world.    The development here of this industry on a scale which has no pre­cedent is due to an interesting combina­tion  of causes.    First  to  be named, of course, is the enormous water-power of the Falls of Saint Anthony, available at a tri­fling cost.    Next, the  opening  of many millions of acres of prairie lands in Minne­sota and the Dakotas to the cultivation of hard  spring wheat, rich both in  starch and gluten.    In the first years of milling at the falls the wheat was brought up river from Iowa in barges and hauled by ox-teams from the land­ings   to   the   mills. Later, Southern Minnesota furnished the supply; but now for   many   years   it has    been    wholly brought  in  by  the railways   

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